Many birds found in gardens and lakesides have developed a tolerance of people and can be easily photographed. However, it is best to assume that all wild birds will be cautious. To avoid scaring birds, keep out of sight and make as little noise as possible.
You cannot approach too close to nesting birds since they may damage the eggs or even abandon the nest.
Bring out the color of your animal subject by includeing contrasting vegetation in the shot.
The best time to photograph flowers, away from the controlled environment of the studio, is the early morning when they are freshest. Avoid photographing them at midday, or in the afternoon.